ABSTRACT In developing countries, successful mental health nursing practice amidst adverse working conditions, require coping strategies and skills including emotional intelligence. Therefore, psychiatric nurses’ level of emotional intelligence is key for optimization of patient satisfaction. We aimed at assessing nurses’ level of emotional intelligence, as well as associated factors, in the two Federal Neuropsychiatric Hospitals (FNPH) in the Niger-Delta region of Nigeria. Cross-sectional study design was utilized, and data was obtained from randomly selected nurses in each FNPH Benin and Calabar. Schulte’s Emotional Intelligence Test was used to assess level of nurses emotional intelligence. SPSS version 21.0 was used to enter and analyze data, with p-value set at 0.05. One hundred and fifty (150) nurses were surveyed, with equal proportion in each study center, and a response rate of 98%. Mean age of nurses was 38.8 ± 8.4 years. Nurses mean EI score was 130.1 ± 11.8 (92 - 159). Moderate and high EI status was found in 20% and 80% of respondents, respectively. Compared with subjects with 20 or less years duration of practice, those with greater than 20 years, had significantly higher mean level of EI (p=0.00). Other sociodemographic and occupational characteristics did not significantly influence mean levels of EI (p>0.05). Also comparing nurses in Benin and Calabar, there was no significant difference in mean values for total emotional intelligence (3.94 vs. 3.93), self-awareness (4.02 vs. 4.05), self-regulation (4.00 vs. 4.08), self-motivation (4.29 vs. 4.15), empathy (3.61 vs. 3.62), and social skills (3.82 vs. 3.77) (p>0.05). Longer duration of practice was associated with higher level of EI (p=0.00). Psychiatric nurses in developing countries need earlier exposure, especially through establishment of more mental health institutions. There is also need for consistency in institutionally-driven capacity building, towards improvement in practice experience and EI of nurs
ABSTRACT Background: Child Abuse is a violation of basic human rights of a child. It constitutes all forms of harm either physical, emotional, sexual resulting in actual or potential harm to the child’s health and survival. Parental involvement places a very important role to educate the child in early identification and prevention child abuse. Hence the study was conducted with the aim to assess the level of knowledge and to determine the effectiveness of video assisted teaching on child abuse among mothers of preschool children. Methods: Pre experimental one group pre test and post test research design was employed with 30 samples matched the inclusion criteria and were selected by purposive sampling technique. Demographic variables were collected followed by Pre-test was done by using structured multiple choice questionnaire in interview method. On the same day video assisted teaching was given for 20 minutes. Post-test was conducted by using the same questionnaire at the end of 3rd day of intervention. Results: The result of the study reveals that there is inadequate knowledge among mothers regarding child abuse in pre-test is significant rise in knowledge after video assisted teaching at the level of p<0.05. Conclusion: The study findings concluded that there is significant improvement in the knowledge regarding child abuse after video assisted teaching programme. Same way the awareness on child abuse can be created to all school going children and their mothers to prevent the harmful effect to the children.
ABSTRACT Background: Evidence based practice involves the utilization of proved findings from researches with clinical experience and patient preferences. Peripheral intravenous catheters are used in up to 60% of the pediatric patients. Research design and aim: this study was a descriptive study aimed to assess the knowledge and practices of pediatric nurses regarding evidence-based care of peripheral intravenous catheter in hospitalized children. Setting: the study was conducted at the pediatric medical inpatient department, Suez Canal University and Ismailia General Hospitals. The sample: included a convenient sample of all nurses (32) working in the above-mentioned settings. Data were gathered using an assessment sheet and observational checklists for the PIVC care. Results: revealed that (31.3%) of the studied nurses had satisfactory total score of knowledge, while (37.5%) of the studied nurses had satisfactory total score of practices regarding evidence-based care of peripheral intravenous catheter in hospitalized children. Conclusion: the study concluded that almost less than one third of the studied nurses had satisfactory total score of knowledge and more than one third of them had satisfactory total score of practices regarding evidence-based care of peripheral intravenous catheter in hospitalized children. Recommendation: raising the awareness of nurses regarding evidence-based care of peripheral intravenous catheter in hospitalized children.
ABSTRACT Background: Breast cancer brings negative impacts to women, particularly those who have undergone chemotherapy, not only physically but also mentally. The negative impacts on patients’ mental include a feeling of being failed playing their role as a woman, not having abilities to do anything, low self-esteem, and confidence loss. Thus, family support is necessary in anticipating negative self-esteem in breast cancer patients. Family support helps the patients maintain and increase their self-esteem. Objective: The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between family support and self-esteem in patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy at Haj Adam Malik Central Hospital. Methods: The study employed analytical correlational design with cross sectional approach. The research samples included all breast cancer patients who were undergoing chemotherapy at Haj Adam Malik Central Hospital in Medan City. The sampling selection of this study used total sampling technique; hence the total sample number was 34. Spearman test was performed in data analysis. Result: The study suggested that 64.7% of the respondents received good family support and 66.7% of the respondents had high level of self-esteem. Besides, it was also obtained that there was a moderate correlation between family support and self-esteem of patients with breast cancer (p=0.01< α 0,05 with r = 0.432). The results imply that the better family support is the higher the level of self-esteem of patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy will be. Therefore, it is recommended that each of family members gives support to patient in the form of care, information, and instrumental support, so that the patient will have better self-esteem and quality of life.
ABSTRACT Background: A novel corona virus disease (COVID-19) has spread rapidly around the world since it was first identified in January 2020 in Wuhan in Republic of China. WHO declared that corona virus was public health emergency in 30th of January 2020. In 11th of March WHO declared COVAID-19 as a pandemic disease, Ministry of health in Sudan announced the first case on the 12th of March 2020. Objective: This study was conducted to assess awareness of the Sudanese population regarding COVID-19. Methods: It was descriptive cross-sectional community based study. The data was gathered from 385 participants from different locality in Khartoum state, Sudan using electronic questionnaire developed by the researchers at Google form document then analyzed by SPSS version 25 and the results were displaced in frequency and percentage. The level of statistical significance was set at p = 0.001. Results: The finding regarding basic knowledge of the participants revealed that the majority of the participants (98.2%) were aware that the disease was a viral illness in it is nature, most of the participants reported accurate and correct information about the mode of transmission. (92.7%) believed that contaminated surfaces were modes of transmission, while 86% stated that droplet was a mode of transmission with virus. Regarding signs and symptoms of COVID-19 the majority of the participants showed high percentage of awareness (fever 95.3%, sore throat 89.1%, headache 88.6%, dry cough, 89.1%, and shortness of breath 89.6%). Regarding methods of protection of coV-19 most of participants (85%) said that they were doing hand washing, wearing masks and practicing social isolation, (98.4%) believed that there was no vaccination. Only (16.9%) of the participants believed there was no specific treatment, but 44% said symptoms can treated by anti-malarial drugs. Regarding respiratory etiquette, (89.4%) were using the inner side of the elbow while sneezing, (65.7%) were taking full precautions w
ABSTRACT The poor outcome of labour and delivery in sub-Saharan Africa could be related to inadequate knowledge of the partograph. The partograph is an afore-printed paper form on which the outcome of labour monitoring is recorded to assist in reducing maternal and fetal mortality. Hence, this study assessed the effect of nursing intervention on the knowledge of partograph among obstetric care providers in Primary Health Care Centers of Gwagwalada, Abuja. This study adopted a one group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design also intended to train the trainers in the knowledge of partograph. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 64 participants from the 32 Primary Health care Centers. Socio-demographic questionnaire and test paper on knowledge of partograph (TP-KP) were used to collect data. A total of 59 and 58 obstetric care providers participated in the pre and post-test. A training module was developed for nursing intervention. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. Descriptive analysis provided answers to the research questions. Inferential statistics; independent t-test and ANOVA were used to provide answers to the hypotheses. Findings revealed that the pre-intervention mean score of knowledge of partograph was moderate (13.27 ± 4.31) and high (23.69 ± 3.19) post intervention. Results also showed significant difference in the pre and post intervention mean scores of all the obstetric care providers on knowledge of partograph (p=0.000) and between pre and post-intervention mean scores on knowledge of partograph among various cadres of obstetric care providers (p=0.000).
ABSTRACT Background: Infection control measures are essential for the containment of surgical infections. The current Operating Room (OR) should therefore, have well-developed policies for managing infections. The efficacy of those policies depends on how well they are adhered to by OR staff. Thus nurses ought to have great knowledge and strict adherence to the prevention of infections. Aim: The study aimed to study nurse's awareness of infection control measures in the operating room. Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out between June and august 2018 in port said general hospital. Data were collected for a purposive sample of all nurses (140), who work at the operating room. The instrument was used to collect study data include nurses’ socio-demographic and nurses knowledge as infection control principles and knowledge base related to the principles of asepsis .Results: Most of the studied nurses were female, more than one third of them in the age group 26-34 years, nearly half of them had bachelor’s degree and work as staff nurses for 1-3 years working experience in operating theatre. Shows that there are a highly Mean ± SD of nurse's overall knowledge scores regarding infection control measures were found in items related to infection control basis. While highly significant relation were found between nurse's sociodemographic characteristics and their knowledge regarding basis of sterilization and principles ,infection control basics mainly in items related to marital status , educational level. Conclusion: Despite the good knowledge and awareness of infection control measures that founded in operation room than knowledge in basis of sterilization and principles. We can concluded that there are a gab in infection control measures application regarding sterilization basis and principles. Recommendations: the study suggested that, continuous education training programs for nurses, and activating the role of infection control team. There are obvious needs to pos
ABSTRACT This Critical Realist review recognises the challenges facing nurse educators and practitioners if they are to help ensure the discipline remains responsive to future healthcare needs; not least the growing demand for qualified nurses. Drawing upon professional opinion, reports, quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods research, the paper thematically presents international evidence examining the factors which affect the nature of practice learning experiences for nursing students; reflecting the wide range of social, environmental, educational, intrapersonal and interpersonal variables related to the practicum as a key event within pre-registration nurse education programmes. Worryingly, the work highlights numerous examples of negative student experiences associated with nursing placements, but also outlines some features related to more positive student learning in clinical settings. In addition, and congruent with the principles of Critical Realism, the paper identifies a field of investigation associated with practice learning that appears worthy of further investigation due to an apparent paucity of published work. Finally, the author briefly highlights his own research activity currently underway to extend the body of knowledge in this area and in so doing contribute to addressing student retention and staffing issues within nursing.
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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