ABSTRACT Abstract: Macleod syndrome is an obstructive pulmonary disease linked to the anatomical sequelae of acute viral bronchiolitis in childhood. We report an observation of a patient with a clear unilateral lung in order to discuss the diagnostic approach and to underline the difficulty of the aetiological research.
Prostatic Calcifications: About 78 Cases Redouane Roukhsi, Salah ben elhend, Hassan Doulhousne, Nabil Hammoun, El Mehdi Atmane, Abdelilah Mouhsine, El fikri Abdelghani EAS J Radiol Imaging Technol; 2020, 2(6): 139-141
ABSTRACT Abstract: Calcifications of the prostate are frequent and benign. They are not linked to any particular symptom or disease. They are not precursors of prostate cancer. We evaluated in 78 patients, the characteristics of these calcifications and their prevalence according to the presence of urinary symptoms.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Background: Aim of this study was to investigate the potential influence of Critical Shoulder Angle (CSA) as a predisposing factor for the development of degenerative full-thickness rotator cuff tears (DRCT) or primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis (PGOA). Materials and Methods: This was an observational and prospective study, with subjects presenting with pain and/or restricted motion of their shoulder/s (symptomatic shoulders) presenting to the orthopedic Department and Radiology, Subbaiah Institute of Medical Sciences conducted between December 2019 to August 2020. We divided the subjects into case and control groups on the basis of presence and absence of “non-traumatic RCTs,” respectively, as per their USG (in three patients) and/or MRI shoulder scans. There were 60 study subjects and 60 control subjects. Results: The mean age of the control group was 56.37 years, while that of the study group was 58.42 years. The study group had a predominance of males (58%). About 62% of subjects in the study group had right-sided symptomatic shoulders. The mean CSA of control subjects was 32.63° (±1.87°), while that of study subjects were 36.72° (±2.24°). The minimum and maximum CSA values in the study and control groups as well as their mean, median and mode, with standard deviation. Mean CSA values of study and control groups are represented. Conclusion: The CSA was an objective assessment tool to identify patients with shoulder pain who may have RCTs. Our study indicated that the CSA predicted RCTs more accurately than did the AI for patients with shoulder pain.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Background: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease ranges from simple steatosis, steatohepatitis—to advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. It has great significance in medical practise as an increasingly recognized condition globally. Early detection and quantification to prevent its sequelae is necessary. Aims: We are keen to investigate minimally invasive technique to bring for the clinicians, a socio-economic issue of importance to the field of Radiology. Objective: To compare ultrasound with MRI for the diagnosis of liver steatosis. Methods: A prospective study was carried out at Radiology Department, IDC. Study duration: November 2018 - May 2019. 86 participants, aged 14-86 years, of either gender, with suspicion of steatosis were selected, after satisfying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Steatosis was confirmed utilizing Complex-based technique with MRI. For ultrasound, conventional sonographic signs criterion was used. Results: 88 consecutive patients, (43 females and 45 males) mean age (48.88 years). MRI-PDFF revealed steatosis grade 0 (normal) in 40.9% cases, 35.2%, 18.2% and 5.7% in grade 1, 2 and 3 accordingly. While ultrasound revealed grade 0 in 26.1% cases and 44.3%, 25% and 4.5% in each respective grade. Sensitivity of ultrasound amplified as amount of hepatic fat gradually increased, from 58.33% (minimal steatotic cases) to 93.75% and 100% respectively (moderate to severe cases). Specificity remained between 73.68% to 98.82% throughout all cases. Conclusion: Ultrasound correlated well with MRI in moderate to severe hepatic steatosis, with mild degrees its specificity is reduced owing to other causes of liver injuries. Subjects practising unhealthy diet, hypertensive plus diabetics are more prone to develop steatosis. Thus its an acceptable modality for steatosis diagnosis, if severity/grading is neglected.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Background: Ultrasound is used to evaluate the LUS, especially if there is a previous scar, and it is more beneficial to predict the possibility of the occurrence of any complications during labor either by repeated cesarean section or by vaginal delivery. Material and Methods: A total of 50 pregnant patients were included in this study. Transabdominal ultrasound was done for scarred uteri. Sonographic findings were co-related with introperative findings. All the given data were entered on SPSS version 23. Age was expressed as mean ± SD. Parity, gestational age, and interval between cesarean sections were expressed as frequencies with percentages. Statistical analysis was done by using Chi-square test for categorical data for association between sonographic scar thickness and intraoperative findings. The statistical significance was set at p-value e <0.05. Results: The mean age of study group was 28.27 ± 3.32 years. The minimum age was 18 years and maximum was 39 years. Maximum number of patients (65%) had 13-24 months interval between previous and current pregnancy. No patient had interval more than 48 months. The mean scar thickness in study group was 3.24 mm ± 1.3 mm. Minimum scar thickness on TVS was 1.2 mm and maximum was 6 mm. Among all, maximum (34.0%) number of patients had scar in range of 3.1-4.0 mm. Mean scar thickness on MRI was 3.6 mm± 1.23 mm. Minimum scar thickness measured on MRI seen was 1.7 mm maximum thickness measured was 5.6 mm. Similar to TVS findings maximum (32.0%) patients had scar thickness seen in range of 3.1-4.0 mm. In 82.0% cases scar was intact and scar thickness was measured using calliper while in 14% cases scar was dehiscent. Conclusion: MRI offers no advantage in diagnostic accuracy for the measurement of LSCS scar thickness during consideration of TOLAC.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Cystic ectasia of the rete testis is a rare condition. The diagnosis is mainly based on ultrasound. We report a case of bilateral tubular ectasia, more marked on the left of a 31-year-old patient.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide with increasing mortality rate. The pleura is a common extra pulmonary site of involvement and it is the most common form of extra pulmonary TB only less frequent than lymph nodes involvement. All age groups can be affected by TB. Tuberculous involvement of the pleura usually presents as pleural effusion, empyema or pleural thickening. Rarely, it can present as a pleural mass with or without lung parenchymal involvement. This case is presented to highlight the role of imaging especially plain x-ray and computed tomography to resolve the confusion.
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