ABSTRACT Arthritis or commonly called rheumatism is a disease that attacks the joints and structures around it, rheumatism is a case that often occurs in the elderly, rheumatism is pain in the joints. Rheumatic disease is influenced by many factors such as unhealthy lifestyles, lack of movement and exercise, and lack of knowledge about rheumatism prevention. In addition to knowledge to improve the health status of rheumatism sufferers, a supportive attitude is needed, while the attitude taken by the community towards the disease. For example, related to abstinence from foods that can make rheumatism recur again, people continue to consume it even though they already know that the food makes the disease worse. This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes with the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in the elderly. The research method used was an analytic survey with a cross-sectional study approach. The sample in this study is elderly who suffer from rheumatism in Manisa Village, Baranti District, Sidrap Regency. The data obtained were analyzed using the Chi-Square statistical test with significance level α = 0.05. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that there was a relationship between knowledge and attitude with the incidence of rheumatoid arthritis in the elderly with the significance of p = 0.007 and p = 0.002. It is recommended to the Manisa Health Center District. Sidrap to improve health services for the community, especially the elderly in maintaining and maintaining the health of the elderly.
ABSTRACT The art of treating injuries has been practiced since time immemorial. Traditional-bone setting has been widely practiced in many countries of the world despite its challenges when compared with orthodox practice. This study examines the practice and why people patronize Tauma Traditional Bone Centre in Bodinga local Government Area. A total of 52 patients were purposely selected for interviews using close and open ended questions, and key formant interview was conducted with the leader of the Centre. The data collected were subjected to simple descriptive statistics specifically frequency analysis. The findings indicated that 87% of respondents were males who patronize the Centre and major reason because of the low cost of the services rendered, other rationale are cultural belief and quick accessibility. The study revealed that about 52% of patients have cases of fracture or dislocation on their legs. Further analysis shows that about 81% of the patients received their treatment by means of supplication. The study concluded that Tauma traditional bone has contributed tremendously in treating many orthopedic cases. Therefore, government at all level should provide basic and necessary facilities to the Centre so as to continue offering the service to the communities.
ABSTRACT Background: Lung reactions to exposure to dust, gases, and fumes at work places have been studied in different populations. The emission level of pollutants that emit particulate matter less than 10 micrometers in size (PM 10) has been found very high in Ahmedabad. Processes in the foundry production involve the potential hazards for inhalation exposures that may lead to respiratory diseases, metabolic disorders of trace elements. However, the dependence of lung dysfunction on the metal toxicity is unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the parenting stress levels in parents of children who have cerebral palsy as compared to parents of normal children. Further objectives were to ascertain variables predictive of parenting stress levels. Methods: A Cross-Sectional comparative study was conducted on foundry workers from naroda Ahmedabad and normal subjects from V.S hospital campus, Ahmedabad.. A total of 20 foundry workers underwent pulmonary function testing. Their spirometry parameters were compared with 20 ages-matched, healthy controls. Results: A significant reduction (P < 0.001) was found in the spirometry parameters, such as, forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC (%), MVV in foundry workers, as compared to the controls. The mean values of FEV1/FVC (%) were significantly increased (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The results of this study confirm that Iron foundry workers were found to have a lower lung function than normal subjects.
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Mst. Tanzina Islam
Nursing Instructor, Naogaon Nursing Institute, Naogaon, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
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