ABSTRACT Abstract: Covid-19 pandemic has a great psychosocial impact on society, due to fear of infection and disturbed the economy of the people. The aim of the study is to assess the psychosocial and economic impact of Covid-19 pandemic among sanitation workers of a tertiary care hospital. A cross sectional study was carried out from August 2020 to September 2020 at Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool. In previous studies, 75% of study subjects responded that Covid-19 has a serious psychosocial and economic impact. Considering prevalence of 75% and 20% of allowable error, sample size arrived at is 33.4, using the formula 4pq/l2. Out of 100 sanitation workers of one outsourcing agency, 30 workers who fulfilled inclusion criteria of one year work experience and with at least one school going child, were selected by simple random sampling. IEC clearance, permission from the work supervisor and informed consent from the study subjects was obtained. Data collected using a semi structured questionnaire was analysed using MS Excel-2016 version. Majority were in the age group of 31-40 years (63.33%). Most of them were females (90%), 50 % were literates. Decreased family income was noticed among 60% of study subjects and decrease in savings among 76.6%. 70% had fear of sickness and 73.33% responded that their children’s education was affected. Assurance of job security and social security measures at the work place would help these workers during such pandemics.
ABSTRACT Abstract: On 11 March 2020, WHO declared Covid 19 as a pandemic? RTPCR, the gold standard test for diagnosis of COVID 19 has false negatives due to low viral load and inappropriate sample collection. Therefore, antibody tests are the alternative. This study is conducted to identify sociodemographic patterns and to measure seroprevalence of IgM antibodies against SARS-COV-2 among sanitation workers. A cross - sectional study was conducted during August 2020 -September 2020 among sanitation workers employed in Government General Hospital, Kurnool. After obtaining IEC clearance, informed consent was obtained from 151 participants and study was conducted using a pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire and Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (CLIA) test with cut off value for IgM antibodies of 10 AU/ml. The data was analysed using MS Excel 2016. Out of 151 participants, 59.6% were males. Majority (46.4%) were 31 to 40 yrs of age and 25.8% were illiterates. Hypertension was the most common comorbidity (12.6%) in the study population. Overall seroprevalence was found to be 6.6%, among females 8.2%, among study subjects aged more than 60 yrs it was found to be 33.3% and in those with Hypertension 15.8%. Out of those who turned out to be positive for antibodies, 100% were asymptomatic. After six months of emergence of first case, seroprevalence is only 6.62% indicating majority are still susceptible to Covid 19 infection. Among those positive for antibodies, 100% were asymptomatic, hence a need for periodic serological surveys among sanitation workers.
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