ABSTRACT Six bacteria species, associated with raw milk contamination were comparatively assessed in rural-peri urban case study using standard laboratory microscopy. Entirely 80 milk samples, ~ 500ml were screened from Mampong Zongo and Daaho peri urban cattle husbandry communities within the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Bacterial spots discovered in the milk for relative contamination (cfu/ml) at dilution factor of 105 were: 208 (12.76), 28 (12.62), 263 (5.98), 217 (14.39), 163.5 (3.65) and 34.3 (3.27), respectively for total bacteria count, E. coli, Staphylococcus; Bacillus; Clostridium and Salmonella species. The microbial isolates were comparatively not significant (P-values > 0.05) although; Bacillus spp. predominated milk at both farms. The unhygienic traits of milk handlers
contributed to cross contamination, predisposing consumers to high risks of bacterial infections. Farmers training on hygienic habits could urgently promote higher food chain safety standards. Environmental Health Departments have a major role on food hygiene public education during routine nutrition action plans in these peri urban communities. Food and Drugs Authority in Ghana need to perform routine quality assessment of local milk products to control pathogenic infections.
ABSTRACT Abstract: Infectious hepatitis b virus (HBV), currently a common disease of the world is entangling over two billion susceptible individuals intimated with ≥ 400 million chronicity cases. HBV induces higher mortality, morbidity, financial burden, constituting major global health threat to any human race. Previous studies hinted that high prevalence of HBV infections in Ghana, negatively affect individuals and communities at large. This timely case study purposively cross-examined the impact of HBV on individual patients and community as a whole at the Ejura-Sekyedumasi district hospital. The designed survey involved 36 randomly selected HBV infected patients been pooled from hospital records to willingly offer information under purposive sampling technique using already pretested questionnaires that scored ≥ 95% veridicality. The findings revealed deleterious effects of HBV by juxtaposing percentage infection, morbidity, debilitation rates on the reduced living standards among patients which specifically engrossed: obnoxious stigmatization (50-61.1%); inability to [afford three square meals (≥ 55.6%); pay utility bills (≥ 69.4%); save money (≥ 80.6%); pay medical bills (≥ 58.4%)]; risk of dismissal from work (≥ 61.1%); poor relationships and neglect (41.7% and 13.9%); ineffective participation in community functions (≥ 58.3%); and fear of cross infection (≥ 94.4%). The study recommends joint actions of religious bodies, healthcare service providers, public health education advocates elucidating causes, effects, early screening and vaccination interventions against HBV. State media institutions should be educating communities on proper management of HBV while reproaching neglect and stigmatisation, projecting pre-marital counselling or screening to counteract the disease.
Dr. T. Selvankumar Chief Editor EAS Journal of Biotechnology and Genetics
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NFI Joseph Lon Chief Editor EAS Journal of Humanities and Cultural Studies
Prof. Dr. Nazir Ahmad Suhail Chief Editor East African Scholar Journal of Engineering and Computer Sciences
Dr. Hamid Osman Hamid Chief Editor EAS Journals of Radiology and Imaging Technology
Dr. BOUCENNA Mounir Chief Editor EAS Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
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